Elementary OS is a new Operating System that wants to be an alternative to Window or OSX. The team behind the project puts a high emphasis on Usability and Design.
Over the next couple of days, I will try to actually switch to the system. Elementary is based on Ubuntu, which in turn is based on Debian, so all *.deb packages and programs can be installed without any problems. As with all Linux, Distributions Elementary is free. However, the developers require you to think about it if you would like to support their efforts or not. If not you enter a 0 into the download field.
For my initial setup, I will essentially install all the common programs I use on a day to day basis.
How To install Elementary.io
Step 1 Download the ISO
Go to www.elementary.io and download the current Version. If you have some money to spare you can donate to the project. If not enter a 0 and you can download the iso for free.
Step 2: Prepare a USB Stick
Go to https://rufus.akeo.ie/ and download the Rufus tool, this allows you to easily create a bootable USB stick.
Step 3: Install
Well for the last step you really just have to boot from the stick and follow the instructions.
Remove Default Programs
The team focuses a lot on providing a suite of programs that also follow it’s design principles.
I would prefer to use Chrome as my Browser, and VideoLan for videos and I do not need an email client or a dedicated calendar. I removed them with these commands:
sudo apt remove pantheon-mail -y sudo apt remove maya-calendar -y sudo apt remove epiphany-browser -y sudo apt remove audience -y
(The program “audience” is the default video player)
Install General Programs
Since Chrome has some Google stuff in it you first have to add it to apt with this command:
wget -q -O - https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | sudo apt-key add - sudo sh -c 'echo "deb [arch=amd64] http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google-chrome.list' sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install google-chrome-stable
To install VideoLan simply enter the following command:
sudo apt-get install vlc -y
Microsoft has just recently announced that they will create a Skype Client for Linux. For now, there is only the official “Skype for Linux Alpha”. Essentially the program is still barebones and is in very early stages of development. - If you install it do not expect that everything will be working.
wget https://go.skype.com/skypeforlinux-64-alpha.deb sudo dpkg -i skypeforlinux-64-alpha.deb
| Shortcut | Command | | ==== | ==== | | ⌘+Space | App Launcher | | Alt+Tab | Window Switcher | | ⇧+Alt+Tab | Switch Windows Backwards| | ⌘+Left/Right | Switch Workspace | | ⌘+S | Workspace Overview | | Ctrl+⌘+Left/Right | Snap Window to Half of Workspace | | ⌘+T | Terminal |
The OS looks awesome, it feels like a system you actually could work with for a longer period of time. In the past, I have always tried Linux for a couple of days and then said, well interesting, but a lot of my programs simply do not work and I would like to go back to Windows.
Let’s see how long this time the experiment is going to last and if Linux has become more user-friendly over time.